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A medication incident is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the healthcare professional, patient, or consumer. Medication incidents may be related to professional practice, drug products, procedures, and systems. They include incidents involving prescription, order communication, product labelling/packaging/nomenclature, compounding, dispensing, distribution, administration, education, monitoring, and use (National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention and ISMP Canada).

Medication incidents can occur due to wrong doses or wrong routes of administration, drug mix-ups, drug interactions causing harm, errors associated with drug packaging or labels, administration of medication to the wrong patient, or incomplete (or a lack of) medication reconciliation.

The Canadian Medication Incident Reporting and Prevention System (CMIRPS) is a collaborative pan-Canadian program of Health Canada, the Canadian Institute for Health Information, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices Canada, and CPSI. The goal of CMIRPS is to reduce and prevent harmful medication incidents in Canada.

​For more information, please see the Medication Safety topic page.

Visit MIRPS to learn about the program and how to report medication incidents, and for additional resources. ​

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