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​*(key resources as recommended by Dr. Claude Laflamme)

Professional Associations and Helpful Websites

  • Canadian Patient Safety Institute, Surgical Site Infection
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Surgical Site Infection
  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Surgical Site Infection

Post-procedural Infection Clinical Practice Guidelines

*Anderson DJ, Podgorny K, Berrıos-Torres SI, et al. Strategies to prevent surgical site infections in acute care hospitals: 2014 Update. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014, 35 (6): 605-627. doi: 10.1086/676022.

Bratzler DW, Dellinger EP, Olsen KM, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2-1-2013; 70 (3): 195-283. doi: 10.2146/ajhp120568.

*Chow AW, Evans GA, Nathens AB, et al. Canadian practice guidelines for surgical intra-abdominal infections. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2010; 21 (1): 11-37.

Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). How-to Guide: Prevent surgical site infections. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2012.

Mangram AJ, Horan TC, Pearson ML, Silver LC, Jarvis WR. Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection, 1999. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Am J Infect Control. 1999; 27 (2): 97-132.

NICE: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Surgical site infections: prevention and treatment. NICE guidelines [CG74]. 2008.

Parvizi J, Gehrke T, Chen AF. Proceedings of the International Consensus on periprosthetic joint infection. Bone Joint J. 2013; 95-B (11): 1450-1452. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.95B11.33135.

* Safer Healthcare Now! Prevent Surgical Site Infection (SSI): Getting Started Kit. Canadian Patient Safety Institute, 2014.

Additional Resources for Prevention of Post-procedural Infections

Preventing infections associated with indwelling intravascular access devices. Can Commun Dis Rep. 1997; 23 (Suppl 8): 1-32.

Anderson DJ, Kaye KS, Classen D, et al. Strategies to prevent surgical site infections in acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008; 29 (Suppl 1): S51-S61. doi: 10.1086/591064.

*Baddour LM, Epstein AE, Erickson CC, et al. Update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010; 121 (3): 458-477. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192665.

Davis PJ, Spady D, de Gara C, Forgie SE. Practices and attitudes of surgeons toward the prevention of surgical site infections: a provincial survey in Alberta, Canada. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008; 29 (12): 1164-1166. doi: 10.1086/592699.

Dolan SA, Felizardo G, Barnes S, Cox TR, Patrick M, Ward KS, Arias KM. APIC position paper: safe injection, infusion, and medication vial practices in health care. Am J Infect Control. 2010; 38 (3): 167-172. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2010.01.001. [Erratum, Am J Infect Control. 2010; 38 (6): 448].

Eskicioglu C, Gagliardi AR, Fenech DS, et al. Surgical site infection prevention: a survey to identify the gap between evidence and practice in University of Toronto teaching hospitals. Can J Surg. 2012; 55 (4): 233-238. doi: 10.1503/cjs.036810.

Gagliardi AR, Eskicioglu C, McKenzie M, Fenech D, Nathens A, McLeod R. Identifying opportunities for quality improvement in surgical site infection prevention. Am J Infect Control. 2009; 37 (5): 398-402. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2008.10.027.

Kamel C, McGahan L, Mierzwinski-Urban M, Embil J. Preoperative skin antiseptic preparations and application techniques for preventing surgical site infections: a systematic review of the clinical evidence and guidelines. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH); 2011.

Korol E, Johnston K, Waser N, Sifakis F, Jafri HS, Lo M, Kyaw MH. A systematic review of risk factors associated with surgical site infections among surgical patients. PLoS One. 2013; 8 (12): e83743. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083743.

Osmon DR, Berbari EF, Berendt AR, et al. Diagnosis and management of prosthetic joint infection: clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2013; 56 (1): e1-e25. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis803.

Watters WC III, Baisden J, Bono CM. Antibiotic prophylaxis in spine surgery: an evidence-based clinical guideline for the use of prophylactic antibiotics in spine surgery. Spine J. 2009; 9 (2): 142-146. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2008.05.008.