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HAP Clinical Practice Guidelines

*(key resource recommended by Dr. Claudio Martin)​​

American Thoracic Society, Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005; 171 (4): 388–416.

Klompas M, Branson R, Eichenwald EC, et al. Strategies to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia in acute care hospitals: 2014 update. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014; 35 (8): 915-936. doi: 10.1086/677144.

Klompas M. Evidence vs instinct for pneumonia prevention in hospitalized patients. Clin Infect Dis. 2015; 60 (1): 76-78. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu744.

Livorsi D, Eckerle MK. Developing local treatment guidelines for healthcare-associated pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis. 2014; 59 (4): 609-610. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu332.

Muscedere J, Dodek P, Keenan S, et al. Comprehensive evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for ventilator-associated pneumonia: prevention. J Crit Care. 2008; 23 (1): 126-137. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2007.11.014.

Roquilly A, Marret E, Abraham E, Asehnoune K. Pneumonia prevention to decrease mortality in intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2015; 60 (1): 64-75. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu740. [Erratum: Roquilly et al. Clin Infect Dis 2015; 60: 64-75].

Public Health Agency of Canada, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control. Infection control guideline for the prevention of healthcare-associated pneumonia. Ottawa, ON: Public Health Agency of Canada; 2010.

*Safer Healthcare Now! Prevent Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP): Getting Started Kit. Canadian Patient Safety Institute, 2012.

Rotstein C, Evans G, Born A, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia in adults. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2008; 19 (1): 19-53.

Tablan OC, Anderson LJ, Besser R, et al. Guidelines for preventing healthcare-associated pneumonia, 2003. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2003.

HAP Prevention Quality Improvement Resources

El-Rabbany M, Zaghlol N, Bhandari M, Azarpazhooh A. Prophylactic oral health procedures to prevent hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia: a systematic review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2015; 52 (1): 452-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.07.010.

Friedman ND, Sexton DJ. General principles of infection control. UpToDate. 2015 Aug 19.

File TM. Risk factors and prevention of hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia in adults. UpToDate. 2015 Dec 28.

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), US Department of Health and Human Services. Framework. National action plan to prevent health care-associated infections: Road map to elimination. ODPHP; 2013.

Prasad P, Fedorowicz Z, Bond S. Hospital-acquired pneumonia. DynaMed. 2015 Dec 23.

Thorner AR. Infection control measures to prevent seasonal influenza in healthcare settings. UpToDate. 2015 March 25.