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Accreditation Canada. Required Organizational Practices Handbooks. Ottawa, ON: Accreditation Canada.

Accreditation Canada, Canadian Institute for Health Information, Canadian Patient Safety Institute. Preventing falls: From evidence to improvement in Canadian Health Care. Ottawa, ON: CIHI; 2014.

American Geriatrics Society, British Geriatrics Society (AGS/BGS). Clinical practice guideline: Prevention of falls in older adults. American Geriatrics Society; 2010.

Baker GR, Norton P. Patient safety and healthcare error in the Canadian healthcare system: A systematic review and analysis of leading practices in Canada with reference to key initiatives elsewhere. A Report to Health Canada. Ottawa: Health Canada; 2002.

Cameron ID, Gillespie LD, Robertson MC, et al. Interventions for preventing falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012; 12: CD005465. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005465.pub3.

Chari S, McRae P, Varghese P, Perrar K, Haines TP. Predictors of fracture from falls reported in hospital and residential care facilities: a cross sectional study. BMJ Open. 2013; 3 (8) doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002948.

Clarke JR, Bruley ME. Surgical fires: Trends associated with prevention efforts. Pennsylvania Patient Safety Advisory. 2012; 9 (4): 130-135.

Data snapshot: Iatrogenic burn injuries. Pennsylvania Patient Safety Advisory. 2009; 6 (1): 36.

Deandrea S, Bravi F, Turati F, Lucenteforte E, La Vecchia C, Negri E. Risk factors for falls in older people in nursing homes and hospitals, A systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2013; 56 (3): 407-415. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2012.12.006.

ECRI Institute. Surgical fire resources. 2016.

European Union Network for Patient Safety. Vaseline and treatment with oxygen. EUNetPas Share, Learn, and Exchange System (SEaL); 2010.

Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). How-to Guide: Prevent harm from high-alert medications. Cambridge, MA; IHI: 2012.

Japan Council for Quality Health Care. Burn caused by a bed-bath towel. Medical Safety Information. 2010; 46.

Japan Council for Quality Health Care. Burn during assisted bathing. Medical Safety Information. 2007; 5. 

Japan Council for Quality Health Care. Burns caused by the tip of a light source cable during surgery. Medical Safety Information. 2012; 70.

Johal KS, Boulton C, Moran CG. Hip fractures after falls in hospital: A retrospective observational cohort study. Injury. 2009; 40 (2): 201-204. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2008.06.036.

Joint Commission. Bed rail-related entrapment. Sentinel Event Alert. 2002; 27.

Joint Commission. Preventing restraint deaths. Sentinel Event Alert. 1998; 8.

Joint Commission. Preventing surgical fires. Sentinel Event Alert. 2003; 29. Hospital burn injuries. 2012.

Maki BE, Sibley KM, Jaglal SB, et al. Reducing fall risk by improving balance control: Development, evaluation and knowledge-translation of new approaches. Journal of Safety Research. 2011; 42(6): 473–485. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2011.02.002

Mohr WK, Petti TA, Mohr BD. Adverse effects associated with physical restraint. Can J Psychiatry. 2003; 48 (5): 330-337.

Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. (2009). Retrieved March 9 2016 from

National Health Service (NHS) Commissioning Board. Risk of skin-prep related fire in operating theatres. 2012; Reference No. 1329.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Falls in older people: Assessing risk and prevention. NICE guidelines [CG161]. 2013.

New South Wales Department of Health. Alcohol based hand cleaners and fire. Safety Information. 2007. 001/07.

NHS. Patient safety alert: Risk of death from asphyxiation by accidental ingestion of fluid/food thickening powder. 2015.

Oliver D, Healey F, Haines TP. Preventing falls and fall-related injuries in hospitals. Clin Geriatr Med. 2010; 26 (4): 645-692. doi: 10.1016/j.cger.2010.06.005.

Patient Safety Solutions. Iatrogenic burns. Patient Safety Tip of the Week. 2010, June 1.

Pazanin l, Misak VB, Goreta, N, Marekovic Z, Petrovecki V. Iatrogenic tracheal laceration causing asphyxia. J Forensic Sci. 2008; 53 (5): 1185-1187. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00827.x.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Seniors' falls in Canada: Second report. Ottawa, ON: Public Health Agency of Canada; 2014.

Pulcins I, Wan E. In-hospital hip fractures in Canada: Using information to improve patient safety. Healthcare Q. 2004; 7 (4): 25-27. doi:10.12927/hcq..16808.

Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO). Promoting safety: Alternative approaches to the use of restraints. Toronto, ON: RNAO; 2012.

Royal College of Physicians. Why FallSafe? Care bundles to reduce inpatient falls. London: Royal College of Physicians; 2015.

Safer Healthcare Now! Getting Started Kit: Reducing falls and injury from falls. Canadian Patient Safety Institute; 2013.

Schubert J. Responding to abusive patient behaviors part 3. Crisis Prevention Institute; 2011.