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Aasheim V, Nilsen AB, , Reinar LM, Lukasse M.  Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017; 6:CD006672. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006672.pub3. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006672.pub3

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 198: Prevention and Management of Obstetric Lacerations at Vaginal Delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2018;132(3):e87-e102. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000002841

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 205: Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2019;133(2):e110-e127. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000003078

Andersen MM, Thisted DLA, Amer-Wahlin I, Krebs L. Can Intrapartum Cardiotocography Predict Uterine Rupture among Women with Prior Caesarean Delivery?: A Population Based Case-Control Study. PLoS One. 2016;11(2):e0146347. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0146347

BC Patient Safety & Quality Council. Quality Awards 2009. Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently (MOREOB): Northern Health. BC Patient Safety & Quality Council; 2009. Accessed April 21, 2020.

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). Canada continues to lag behind other OECD countries on measures of patient safety. Ottawa, ON: CIHI; 2019a.

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). Indicator library: Obstetric trauma (with instrument). CIHI; n.d.

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). OECD Interactive Tool: International Comparisons — Patient Safety: OB Trauma: No Instrument: Provincial comparison with all OECD countries, 2017 or most recent year. CIHI. Published December 13, 2019b. Accessed April 20, 2020.

Dy J, DeMeester S, Lipworth H, Barrett J. No. 382-Trial of Labour After Caesarean. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2019;41(7):992-1011. doi:10.1016/j.jogc.2018.11.008

Harvey MA, Pierce M. No. 330 Obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS): Prevention, recognition, and repair.  J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2015;37(12):1131–1148. Erratum. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2016.02.004

Health Quality Ontario (HQO). Vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC): care for people who have had a Caesarean birth and are planning their next birth. HQO. Published 2018. Accessed April 21, 2020.

Hobson S, Cassell K, Windrim R, Cargill Y. No. 381-Assisted Vaginal Birth. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2019;41(6):870-882. doi:10.1016/j.jogc.2018.10.020

Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). How-to Guide: Prevent Obstetrical Adverse Events. Cambridge, MA: IHI; 2012.

Melamed N, Ben-Haroush A, Chen R, Kaplan B, Yogev Y. Intrapartum cervical lacerations: Characteristics, risk factors, and effects on subsequent pregnancies. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2009;200(4):388.e1-388.e4. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2008.10.034

Moldenhauer JS. Uterine Rupture. Merck Manual. January 2020. Accessed April 21, 2020.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Health at a Glance 2019: OECD Indicators. Paris, FR: OECD Publishing; 2019. doi:10.1787/4dd50c09-en

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). The Management of Third- and Fourth-Degree Perineal Tears. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists; 2015.

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). OASI videos: Why reducing OASI Matters. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Accessed April 21, 2020.

Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0016-01. Estimates of births, by sex, annual.  Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada; n.d. doi:10.25318/1710001601-eng. Accessed April 20, 2020.

Wong LF, Wilkes J, Korgenski K, Varner MW, Manuck TA. Intrapartum cervical laceration and subsequent pregnancy outcomes. AJP Rep. 2016;6(3):e318-323. doi:10.1055/s-0036-1592198