9/12/2017 12:00:00 AM
This alert addresses the serious, and sometimes fatal, adverse events that can occur when bupivacaine, a local anesthetic, is given intravascularly instead of epidurally. Four cases are referenced. Bupivacaine, like other local anesthetics, can cause acute toxicity to the central nervous and cardiovascular system at high plasma concentrations. If bupivacaine administered intravascularly, it may cause sudden cardiovascular collapse and death. The alert provides contributing factors to medication errors with bupivacaine and recommendations to avoid same. Recommendations to address acute systemic toxicity are also included.
peripheral venous catheter (PVK), epidural catheter
adrenergic agonists, IV,
anesthetic agents, general, inhaled and IV
Bupivacaine must not be given intravascularly