Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacteria commonly found in Canadian hospitals and in the community. It can cause symptoms ranging from asymptomatic colonization to septic shock and death.
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterial organism that may asymptomatically colonize the skin and mucosal surfaces of healthy humans and can also cause infections in a number of places, such as the urinary tract, blood, bones, joints, heart valves, lungs, and surgical wounds. Since the initial use of antibiotics in the 1940s, resistant strains of S. aureus have emerged.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an S. aureus that has become resistant to antibiotics. MRSA is classified as healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) or community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) (Public Health Agency of Canada, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, 2014).
You can successfully reduce MRSA transmission with these six evidence-based infection control strategies:
- Establish an aggressive hand hygiene program
- Clean and decontaminate the environment and equipment
- Implement contact precautions for any patient infected or colonized with a superbug
- Perform MRSA and VRE screening surveillance on admission and at other times
- Regularly report superbug infection rates to frontline and hospital leaders
- Establish and implement an antimicrobial stewardship program