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​AHRQ Quality Indicators Toolkit. Selected best practices and suggestions for improvement PSI 6: Iatrogenic pneumothorax. Rockville, MD: AHRQ; 2014. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/hospital/qitoolkit/d4e-pneumothorax-bestpractices.pdf

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Çelik B, E. Sahin, A. Nadir, M. Kaptanoglu. Iatrogenic pneumothorax: Etiology, incidence and risk Factors. Thorac Cardiov Surg. 2009; 57 (5): 286-290. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1185365.

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Duncan DR, Morgenthaler TI, Ryu JH, Daniels CE. Reducing iatrogenic risk in thoracentesis: Establishing best practice via experiential training in a zero-risk environment. Chest. 2009; 135 (5) :1315-1320. doi: 10.1378/chest.08-1227.

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Gordon CE, Feller-Kopman D, Balk EM, Smetana GW. Pneumothorax following thoracentesis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 2010; 170 (4): 332-329. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.548.

Havelock T, Teoh R, Laws D, Gleeson F, BTS Pleural Disease Guideline Group. Pleural procedures and thoracic ultrasound: British Thoracic Society pleural disease guideline 2010. Thorax. 2010; 65 (Suppl 2): ii61-ii76. doi: 10.1136/thx.2010.137026.

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Hsu CW, Sun SF. Iatrogenic pneumothorax related to mechanical ventilation. World J Crit Care Med. 2014; 3 (1): 8-14. doi: 10.5492/wjccm.v3.i1.8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4021154/

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Kopterides P, Siempos II, Armaganidis A. Prone positioning in hypoxemic respiratory failure: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Crit Care. 2009; 24 (1): 89-100. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2007.12.014.

Kumar S, Agarwal R, Aggarwal AN, Gupta D, Jindal SK. Role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of pneumothorax following transbronchial lung biopsy. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol. 2015; 22 (1): 14-19. doi: 10.1097/LBR.0000000000000125.

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Loiselle A, Parish JM, Wilkens JA, Jaroszewski DE. Managing iatrogenic pneumothorax and chest tubes. J Hosp Med. 2013; 8 (7); 402-8. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2053.

Malone LJ, Stanfill RM, Wang H, Fahey KM, Bertino RE. Effect of intraparenchymal blood patch on rates of pneumothorax and pneumothorax requiring chest tube placement after percutaneous lung biopsy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013; 200 (6): 1238-1243. doi: 10.2214/AJR.12.8980.

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