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Accreditation Canada. Best practice in patient blood management in a surgical patient population. Accreditation Canada; 2013.

Accreditation Canada. Transfusion practice certificate at Sainte-Justine UHC. Accreditation Canada; 2012.

Callum JL, Pinkerton PH, Lima A, et al. Bloody Easy 4: Blood transfusions, blood alternatives and transfusion reactions. A guide to transfusion medicine.Fourth Edition. Ontario Regional Blood Coordinating Network; 2016.

Feil M. Reducing risk of air embolism associated with central venous access devices. PA Patient Saf Advis. 2012;9(2):58-64. 

Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Fatalities reported to FDA following blood collection and transfusion: Annual summary for fiscal year 2009. FDA; 2012.

Fung MK, Downes KA, Shulman IA. Transfusion of platelets containing ABO-incompatible plasma: a survey of 3156 North American laboratories. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2007;131(6):909-916.

Gordy S, Rowell S. Vascular air embolism. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2013;3(1):73-76 doi:10.4103/2229-5151.109428.

Infusion Nurses Society. Infusion nursing standards of practice. J Infus Nurs. 2011a; 34 (1S): S1-S110.

Infusion Nurses Society. Infusion-related complications. Policies and procedures for infusion nursing, 4th ed. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. 2011b:96-123.

Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). How-to Guide: Prevent harm from high-alert medications. Cambridge, MA: IHI;2012. 

Joint Commission. Clinical care improvement strategies: Preventing air embolism. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission Resources; 2010.

Mirski MA, Lele AV, Fitzsimmons L, Toung TJ. Diagnosis and treatment of vascular air embolism. Anesthiology. 2007; 106 (1): 164-177.

National Health Service. Air embolism. 2015.

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. What is Rh Incompatibility? National Institutes of Health; 2011.

O'Grady N, Alexander M, Dellinger EP, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. Centers for disease control and prevention. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2002;51(RR-10):1-29.

Ontario Regional Blood Coordinating Network (ORBCoN). Resources for midwives. ORBCoN; 2016.

Ray-Barruel G, Polit DF, Murfield JE, Rickard CM. Infusion phlebitis assessment measures: a systematic review. J Eval Clin Pract. 2014;20(2):191-202doi:10.1111/jep.12107.

Transfusion reaction – hemolytic. A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. National Library of Medicine; 2016.