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​American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN). AACN practice alert: Prevention of aspiration in adults. Critical Care Nurse. 2016; 36 (1): e20 – e24. doi: 10.4037/ccn2016831.

American Association of Neuroscience Nurses. Prevention: aspiration precautions. Synapse. 2006; 33 (3): 3.

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Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). How-to Guide: Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. Cambridge, MA: IHI; 2012.

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Lefton-Greif MA, Carroll JL, Loughlin GM. Long-term follow-up of oropharyngeal dysphagia in children without apparent risk factors.  Pediatr Pulmonol. 2006; 41 (11): 1040-1048.

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Weir K, McMahon S, Barry L, Ware R, Masters IB, Chang AB. Oropharyngeal aspiration and pneumonia in children.  Pediatr Pulmonol. 2007; 42: 1024-1031.